Meknes was closed in December 1996 Universal Heritage of Humanity by the Inter-Governmental Commission for the UNESCO. .
It is one of the four imperial cities of Morocco. Under the reign of Moulay Ismail (1672 - 1727) it underwent a period of great prosperity and what remains of this era of greatness and of previous eras of this city is an important step in any journey in Morocco. Moulay Ismail Meknes chooses as its capital for reasons that are both strategic, political and geographical factors. In addition to its architectural obvious even for the tourist warned least, the Kasbah of Meknes singular importance of the fact that this is the first great work of the Alaouite dynasty, dynasty reigning in Morocco for more than 300 years.
The city of Meknes was founded in the tenth century by the tribe Zénète Meknassa originating in the eastern venue set in the region attracted by soil fertility, abundance of water and the charm of these gardens. Some of the tribes also founded the city of Taza. Before it was built, there was a series of villages without walls, which coexisted peacefully in a farming traditions Berber.
In the thirteenth century, under the reign of Merinids many monuments will be built by Abu Yousef and Abu El Hassan. Under the Merinids that Meknes become truly a city Hispano Maghreb.
After the death of Moulay Ismail in 1727, his son Moulay Abdellah, continued and completed a major portion of the work undertaken by his father. Meknes enriched by several monuments under the reign of Sidi Mohammed ben Abdellah (1757 - 1790): he built mosques, mausoleums and the palace of Dar Beîda, currently occupied by the Royal Military Academy. The Alawites have continued to this day to be kings builders, and the Kasbah of Meknes came in a particular significance.
Currently Meknes includes an old city and a modern city separated by the valley of Wadi Boufekrane. In the new town you can enjoy a beautiful view of the medina with its numerous minarets, its ramparts and its imperial city.